356 THE GAY GENIUS Shimin, No. 109; Volume 4 has some very good material. Both Liang Chichao, No. no, and Ko Changyi, No. in, made themselves special pleaders for Wang, which vitiates the quality of their arguments and evidence. This is not the place to enter into the controversial subject. Briefly, Liang and Ko pleaded (i) that Wang was a great poet and scholar, which nobody denies; (2) that Wang was a socialist and "there- fore in line with modern thinking", (without distinguishing the particular variety of socialism that Wang put into practice); (3) that Wang was inspired for patriotic motives to make China a strong military state, and that it was justified by the times (forgetting that the wars of aggression were not so popular with the people who had to fight them); (4) that all history writing of Wang's period was based on biased sources by the generation that saw the fall of the northern Sung and therefore was prejudiced against him (without quite accounting for how that generation of men who tasted the fruits of his regime were so unanimous in their condemnation); and (5) that Wang was not responsible for the persecution of the Yuanyu scholars and for the party strife that grew out of his regime. L. GEOGRAPHY (Nos. 112-119): Nos, 112 and 113 are geographical works of the northern Sung period, with details of population and products, etc. A fascinating book is No. 114, a detailed description of the northern Sung capital, its palaces, streets, shops, customs, and festivals. Similar in content but twice its size is No. 115, a description of Hangchow when it was the capital of the southern Sung. No. 116 contains stories connected with Hangchow in the latter part of the twelfth century. No. 117 gives the artistic and literary history and miscellaneous anecdotes connected with West Lake and the Hangchow environs. No. 118 is the diary of Lu Yu's voyage up the Yangtse to Szechuen in 1170, including his visit to Tungpo's house at Huangchow. No. 119 is the record of Fan Chengta's voyage down the Yangtse from Chengtu in 1177. M. FACSIMILES (Nos. 120-124): Rubbings from inscriptions in Su Tungpo's handwriting are too numerous to mention. Particular note is taken here of No. 120, referred to on page 243 iri Chapter XX. No. 121 contains the portrait owned by Weng Fangkang, reproduced in this book; its contents are told oh pages 39-40 in Chapter XL No. 122 contains facsimiles of Su Tungpo's writing and his brother's. No. 123 is a particularly good facsimile of Su's poem to his female cousin's father-in-law. Letters in the hand- writing; of at least a dozen characters in this biography are reproduced in the publications of the Palace Museum, Peking, No. 124.